Birth Control Methods

Birth control methods prevent unwanted pregnancies and contraction of sexually transmitted diseases in some cases. Choosing a birth control method is a challenge to many people because of the myths, beliefs, and side effects associated with birth control. Every birth control method has its advantages and disadvantages. When choosing a birth control method, one should consider his or her current health status, desire to have children in the future and possible side effects. It is also important to consider the reliability and safety of each method in preventing pregnancy.

Types of birth control

Birth control methods prevent pregnancy in different ways. Abstinence is a natural method of preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Sexual partners can choose to abstinence from sex completely or abstain on unsafe days. This method requires a record of a woman’s menstrual cycle to identify the safe and unsafe days. Barrier control methods prevent pregnancy by blocking the sperm from reaching the egg. Some common barriers include female and male condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps and contraceptive sponges.

Hormonal birth control methods prevent ovulation and fertilization of the egg. Some prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. Some of the hormonal birth control methods block the sperm from the egg by changing the lining of uterus and cervix mucus. Most hormonal methods prevent the ovary from releasing eggs. They include pills or oral contraceptives, emergency contraceptives, shot or injection, the patch and vaginal rings. Implantable devices prevent pregnancy by blocking the sperm from the egg and interfere with ovulation. The devices are planted in the body and remain there for years. They can be replaced with new devices or other birth control methods. Implantable devices include intrauterine devices and implantable rods.

Permanent birth control methods are irreversible and prevent the pregnancy by blocking the fallopian tubes. Both fallopian tubes are sealed, tied or cut through surgical methods. Permanent birth control methods are ideal for individuals who do not desire to have children in the future. Most birth control methods are designed for women. However, men can also prevent pregnancy through vasectomy, withdrawal, abstinence and male condoms.

Side Effects of Birth Control Methods

Every birth control method has its side effects, which maybe mild in some people and severe in others. The body reacts differently to each birth control method. It is advisable to seek help from a doctor when choosing a birth control method. Some common side effects associated with birth control include surgical complications, pain, bleeding, ectopic pregnancy, mood swings, changes in menstrual cycles, and infertility. Other side effects include pelvic inflammatory diseases, cervical irritation, weight gain, high blood pressure, sore breasts, allergic reactions, dizziness and urinary tract infections.