A Transformed Jamaican Defense Force: Enhancing National Security


The global security parameters are complexly referenced to the strengthened national, regional and local security interests that objectively invoke instruments of diplomacy, military and economic goals. Jamaica’s defense systems have been defined through a greatly changing security framework which is transformed by determining the indicators that support its war on terror and the overriding challenges that directly relate to drug trade scourge. Nations provide appropriate mechanisms to comprehensively fulfill their national mandate to defend its borders from external aggression. In the contemporary age, military forces have assumed the range of non-traditional missions including internal security, relief of disaster, nation building participation and peace-keeping and law enforcement.

Enhancing national security: the role of the Jamaican Defense Forces

The Jamaica Defense Force was formulated on 31st July 1962 following its independence from the United Kingdom. With the withdrawal of British troops from Jamaica, a vacuum was left which left a complement to full the vacuum of security through the establishment of a defense force. This led to the Defense Act of 1962 draft as a framework for governance for actions and procedures within the Jamaican Defense Forces. Section 4 of the Acts is analyzed by Sofia and Edmunds, provide the platform that enables the Jamaican military forces to apply new policies to integrate its military operations within the laid down program strategies and institutional transformations. In augmentation, the Defense Act holds the charge of the Jamaican Defense Forces acting in the realm of defense and maintenance of order from time to time in definition of the Defense Board. The force can established on newer systematic technical checks which incorporate a policy-driven approach within its mainstream security development framework. The tiers which have profoundly retarded the country’s development including corruption, violence and crime would require transformation through effective action against the prospective vices including introducing stringent punitive measures and improve transparency in the military. The Jamaican Defense Forces environment was transformed from the 1960s to 70s with the effective development of maritime security mechanisms alongside introducing autonomous air control armed forces to enhance security scope. With the unfolding of an internal security landscape in the late 1970s, there was addition of a secondary infantry battalion. The originally formed construction squadron to handle national projects later underwent evolution into the Engineering Regiment. The Jamaican Defense Forces has embraced a multi-mission utility in complementing of other agencies of government. It is an entity that needs its membership, limitation of liability with the involvement of hardship that is personal, loss of some liberties and in certain instances injury or death.


The military makes effortless attempts at limiting risk although it confronts and manages such risk. The paramilitary or civil police force was not developed on designs to handle the conflict to exceed the point of needing military intervention. This is extended by the Jamaican Defense Forces as a disciplined, professional and stabilized entity with loyalty to the State of Jamaica.